Distribution On Demand (DOD)
The order fulfillment state a distribution operation
achieves when it can respond, closest to real time, to changes
in demand while shipping 100 percent customer compliant orders
at the least cost.
The planning activities associated with transportation,
warehousing, inventory levels, materials handling, order
administration, site and location planning, industrial
packaging, data processing, and communications networks to
Distribution Requirements Planning (DRP)
A system of determining demands for inventory at
distribution centers and consolidating demand information in
reverse as input to the production and materials system.
Distribution Resource Planning (DRP II)
The extension of distribution requirements planning into
the planning of the key resources contained in a distribution
system: warehouse space, workforce, money, trucks, freight
A warehouse that stores finished goods and from which
customer orders are assembled.
Dock-to-Stock A program by which specific quality and
packaging requirements are met before the product is released.
Pre-qualified product is shipped directly into the customer's
inventory. Dock-to-stock eliminates the costly handling of
components, specifically in receiving and inspection and
enables product to move directly into production.
A receipt that indicates an export shipment has been
delivered to a steamship company by a domestic carrier.
Domestic trunk line carrier
An air carrier classification for carriers that operate
between major population centers. These carriers are now
classified as major carriers.
A route over which a carrier failed to provide service 5
days a week for 13 weeks out of a 26-week period.
A motor carrier operation involving two trailers being
pulled by one tractor.
Double Order Point System A distribution inventory
management system that has two order points. The smallest
equals the original order point, which covers demand during
replenishment lead time. The second order point is the sum of
the first order point plus normal usage during manufacturing
lead time. It enables warehouses to forewarn manufacturing of
future replenishment orders.
Referring to the demand side of the supply chain. One or
more companies or individuals who participate in the flow of
goods and services moving from the manufacturer to the final
user or consumer. Opposite of Upstream.
To take the title of the product but not actually handle,
stock, or deliver it, e.g., to have one supplier ship directly
to another or to have a supplier ship directly to the buyer’s
A motor carrier that has both common and contract carrier
Dual rate system
An international water carrier pricing system where a
shipper signing an exclusive use agreement with the conference
pays a lower rate (10% to %15) than non-signing shippers for
an identical shipment.
Selling goods below costs in selected markets.
The packing material used to protect a product from damage
Generally, any goods whose continuous serviceability is
likely to exceed three years (e.g., trucks, furniture).
Dynamic Lot Sizing
Any lot-sizing technique that creates an order quantity
subject to continuous re-computation.